Definition of a Team
team is a group of people who share responsibility for achieving
specific performance goals. Teams are defined by the following
are small groups of people with common or complementary skills,
are committed to a common purpose,
cooperate with each other based on an agreed set of expectations,
hold themselves accountable.
of Team Development*
As teams evolve, they exhibit
different characteristics based on their needs and interpersonal
teams grow in stops and starts, researchers generally agree that most
teams move in and out of four stages of development:
In this stage team members are just getting used to the idea that
they are a team. It is
period of cautious
involvement. This is a time
of questions about purpose, behavior, expectations, needs, problems, and
indicators of success.
In this stage team members test one another.
They make mistakes as they learn to work together.
This can be a stage of defensiveness, tension, jealousy,
argumentation, etc. This is
a time when the leader must resolve issues, sooth egos, bargain
compromises, negotiate squabbles, and delegate responsibilities.
In this stage the team members begin to understand and abide by
the team’s ground rules. At
this point, team members feel more comfortable with their roles and
responsibilities. All in
all, cooperation overtakes defensiveness within the team.
In this stage the road to success becomes clearer.
Vehicles for problem solving, conflict resolution, and idea
sharing are in full gear and teams are working as a unit to accomplish
W. Tuckman, “Developmental Sequence in Small Groups,” Psychological Bulletin 63, no.6 (1965), pp 334-99.